North Sulawesi has a high risk of disease transmission from wild animals to domestic livestock and humans. Apart from the rich biodiversity of the island, the local habit of meat consumption exposes communities to zoonotic diseases.
North Sulawesi is an endemic area of rabies and boasts the highest number of deaths in Indonesia. Dog population that exceeds the number of vaccines and low public awareness are to blame for the prevalence of the disease.
Pekalongan residents clean the environment from potential mosquito breeding places to reduce the risk of spreading filariasis. Expert say one health approach is needed to overcome further spread.
As their habitat continues to shrink due to deforestation, the indigenous Orang Rimba group becomes more vulnerable, including to threat of the zoonotic malaria. Local authority is looking at One Health as a future solution to prevent outbreak.
The Semarang City has been dubbed as quite successful in its efforts to tackle dengue. However, experts say climate change presents new threats and will potentially trigger a rise in cases.